Lucifer: Who is Lucifer in the Bible? —Story of The Fallen Angel

Lucifer - Who is Lucifer in the Bible?

Before the biblical God created the world, he first created the heavens and inside the heavens, he created the cherubs, the angels, and archangels.

The Archangels were essentially the highest-ranked of the angels and were the chief messengers of God himself. Amongst these Archangels was the being known as Lucifer—The highest Archangel of all.

Lucifer in the beginning of his creation

He was described as being the most beautiful creature that God had ever created, a splendid being that was perfect in every way. Ezekiel 28:15 described him as, “Thou [wast] perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created.”

But Lucifer was so perfect, so handsome, so divine, and so strong when in comparison to his peers, that he grew arrogant. His superior qualities to God’s other creations caused him to become prideful and soon enough, he believed that it was he who should be in God’s place. He wanted to be God himself.

Given that he was deemed worthy to be in the presence of God more than any other and that he arguably understood God better than any other, Lucifer could think of no one better than himself to be the one to overthrow his Lord.

As noted in Isaiah 14:12 and 14, the prophet Isaiah quotes what some suggest is Lucifer, saying, “I will ascend to heaven; I will raise my throne above the stars of God.”

It can even be argued that his ambition is greater than gods, that not only does he want to take God’s place but wants a place even higher than which God sits.

To point out: In terms of Demonology, Lucifer represents one of the seven deadly sins, the sin of Pride.

The Fallen Angels

The Fallen Angels

Pride would spur on Lucifer to act on his thoughts, that he was indeed more powerful than God. It was pride in which blinded him, pride which led him down a path of haughtiness and pride which saw him begin to manipulate the other angels into serving him—after all, his intellect was superior to that of the other angels and so deceiving them was not beyond his means.

While some did remain loyal to God, many of the angels who like Lucifer would become known as fallen angels, began to recognize him as the superior being.

Ezekiel 28:15 notes Lucifer has been perfect in every way, he also notes that iniquity was found in him, thus diminishing his perfection.

Lucifer Banished from the Heavens—Falls to the Earth

Lucifer falling from heaven

With a third of the angels on his side, Lucifer loads an attack on God, and a mighty war for the heavens took place. But Lucifer was not counting on the strong resistance put up by another Archangel, the one known as Michael.

Unable to defeat Michael in his current form, fast lending Lucifer to doubt his perfection at this point, Lucifer transforms into a dragon, as noted in Revelation 12:7-8, “And there was war in heaven, Michael and his angels fought against the dragon and the dragon, and his angels prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven.”

While you might say Lucifer had the courage to rebel in the first place—although many would say this was not courage, and more so blind arrogance—he’s ultimately defeated by Archangel Michael. By this, we understand how powerful the biblical God is, that Lucifer is defeated without God having to get involved in the battle.

You might argue that God works through Michael to overcome Lucifer, in any case, Lucifer’s defeat is absolute.

Revelation 12:9 goes on to state, “And the Great Dragon was cast out, that old serpent called the Devil and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world; as he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.”

This is also where we see Lucifer referred to by his other namesake, Satan, which he earns after he has been defeated.

His defeat is more than just a loss of pride though; Lucifer loses everything. He’s not only shunned by God but he is cast out from heaven along with all the other angels who had sided with him.

Gone are his glory days of being the most splendid, perfect being of all of God’s creations and instead he takes the role of the complete opposite.

His fall to earth is described by Luke, who quotes Jesus in Luke 10:18, “I beheld Satan as lightning fell from heaven.”

Lucifer’s ultimate fate is detailed in revelation 20:10, where it’s understood that the devil that deceived them was cast out into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are and shall be tormented day and night forever and ever.

It’s understood though, that Lucifer would not tolerate his sentence quietly. In fact, from the very day of him being cast out, Lucifer began to plot his revenge against God.

Seeing as Lucifer was no longer God’s favourite creation, Lucifer would talk his vengeance against that which took his place, Mankind itself.

The Hatred on Humans—The Deceive of Adam and Eve

When Satan used a serpent to speak to Eve, she joined his rebellion against God
When Satan used a serpent to speak to Eve, she joined his rebellion against God

When God created Adam and Eve, he tested them—forbidding them from eating from the tree of knowledge. Seeing an opportunity to scorn God, he snuck his way into the Garden of Eden, posed as a snake.

However, in the early passages of Genesis, which detailed the temptation of Eve, the serpent is never explicitly stated as being Lucifer. In Genesis 3:1, the snake is merely described as being a crafty animal. Therefore, it’s likely that the idea that he is this serpent is merely ascertained by the members of the faith. While it’s taught as Scripture, it’s not necessarily stated in these opening passages.

Some recounted this argument by saying that Lucifer is referred to as the serpent, most notably in Revelation 12:19, where he is called “that Old Serpent…,” and perhaps, therefore, “…the Original Serpent.”

Others argue that Lucifer wasn’t the snake itself in the Garden of Eden, but that he manipulated the snake to speak on his behalf. However, again, there’s no scripture to support this.

Who is Really Lucifer in the Bible?

Furthermore, when we look at the origin of Lucifer’s name, we will find that Lucifer is Latin for “Light Bringer” or “Morning Star” or even the planet Venus. But how could Latin find its way into a Hebrew manuscript, when the manuscript was written before Latin was even a language?

Let’s take the 14th chapter of Isaiah to analyse this, seeing as believe it or not, it’s the only point in the scripture where the name Lucifer is explicitly mentioned.

Isaiah 14:12-15 states, “How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer (shining one), son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weakens the nations! For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north: I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High. Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit.”

Many believe that here, Isaiah is referring to Lucifer the devil, but there is another argument that this passage is actually about a fallen Babylonian king, one who is mortal and not one who is created as a divine perfect angel.

nebuchadnezzar in Isaiah's prophesy

It’s understood that this King had sinned greatly in his persecution of Israel, and likely believe that he was beyond the power and punishment of the biblical God. In this argument, Isaiah in this chapter seeks to explain the King’s folly, and not the folly of the Archangel Lucifer.

His uses of the term Lucifer aren’t Universal across all translations. In some versions, as I simply refer to the subject as the Morning Star, or Haylel, the Hebrew word referring to Venus, it implies that the king of Babylon whose identity is not confirmed in Scripture was once someone considered in high regard before his downfall as predicted by Isaiah.

But if this is the case, and how that it all becomes about Lucifer, the fallen angel?

Well, that’s not exactly known but we can speculate that early Christian tribes, who were by this time writing in Latin, simply decided for themselves that this would be a great opportunity to fit in a story about a fallen angel. Going by this argument, Isaiah 14:12 was therefore hijacked by these scribes and moulded to fit their narrative about the character Lucifer.

By the time the King James I translations into English, St. Jerome, who was largely responsible for these translations would incorporate Lucifer into the final version, and thus, the metamorphosis of what was a Babylonian king who’d sinned for his arrogance would instead become Lucifer, the fallen angel of God.

It would be interwoven into the biblical account of the fall and would eventually become canon for some believers.

The same can be said for Ezekiel’s word in Ezekiel 28:15 where he states, “Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee.”

While many believe that Ezekiel is addressing Lucifer, other accounts indicate that Ezekiel is referring to an unnamed mortal king of Tyre.

In Conclusion

Regardless of how you interpret the story of Lucifer, whether as an unnamed Babylonian king or the fallen angel of God, the moral of the tale is quite profound. It echoes the old saying, “pride goes before a fall.” Or in the biblical sense, in proverbs 16:18, “Pride goeth before destruction and a haughty spirit before a fall.”

It serves to show us that like Lucifer if we are too confident and believe ourselves to be more powerful than we are, we could risk setting ourselves up for our own failure.

The tale also seeks to teach us to be modest and to be thankful for what we have, and while we should aspire, we should not rush into things and be impulsive of our desires. It also echoes the idea that we should respect our elders, our parents and those that paved the way before us, in that in some cases, they know better than we do and hold wisdom that we may not be able to conceive at the time.

Lucifer, for example, believed he was stronger than God, and even though God had made him what he was, Lucifer threw back in his face and went against him because he believed he was better.

The result of this, of course, leads to Lucifer’s banishment, which shows us that the consequences for such disrespect to those who came before us can and should be severe.

Image Sources: JW.ORG, Learn Religions.


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